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Inanda Veterinary Hospital
 

Eye Care

A healthy cat’s eyes should be clear and bright and the area around the eyeball white.

Common Symptoms of Illness

  • Red inner eyelids
  • Matter 'stuck' on the surface or in the corners of the eye
  • Cloudiness within the eyeball
  • A dull eye surface
  • The 'third eyelid' coming across the eye
  • Excessive tearing or unusual discharges
  • Tear-stained fur around the eyes

Eye Tests used to Diagnose Eye Problems

  • Fluorescein stain to identify the presence of corneal ulcers
  • Schirmer Tear Test to determine the level of tear production
  • Ocular pressure to detect glaucoma
  • Ophthalmoscope to see in the eye chamber


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Common Eye Conditions & Symptoms

Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the membrane that covers both the inner lining of the eyelid and the white of the eye. It may be caused by allergies or by bacterial, fungal or viral infections. In fact, recurrent or chronic conjunctivitis in cats is often the result of herpes viral infections which can return - again and again. It can be contagious, so keep an infected cat away from others.

Corneal Ulceration can occur when the shiny surface of the cornea is scratched or damaged.

Epiphora
If your cat’s eyes constantly 'weep', or if the fur around them appears 'stained', the normal tear flow may be blocked.

Cataracts & Glaucoma
Cats, just like humans, can have these serious eye diseases. Cataracts, which cloud the lens inside the eye can be seen in elderly cats. A thorough evaluation by your veterinarian is necessary as surgery is the only treatment. Glaucoma stems from too much pressure being exerted upon the eye's interior as a result of a decrease in the amount of fluid draining from it.


How to Administer Eye Drops

  1. Remove any discharge around the eye with a cotton ball moistened with warm water.
  2. Hold your cat sideways on your lap or place him/her on a table at a comfortable height (you may want someone to help restrain your cat if you choose the second option).
  3. See the instructions on the bottle for dosage. Shake if necessary.
  4. Use one hand to hold the bottle between thumb and index while using the other to support the cat’s head.
  5. Tilt the head back and, to prevent blinking, use your free fingers to hold the eyelids open.
  6. Hold the bottle of drops close to the eye but DON’T touch the eye’s surface.
  7. Squeeze the drops onto the eye and once the drops are in, release the head.
  8. Your cat will blink, spreading the medication over the eye’s surface.
 Click here to see movie


How to Apply Eye Ointment

  1. Remove any discharge around the eye with a cotton ball moistened with warm water.
  2. Hold your cat sideways on your lap or place him/her on a table at a comfortable height (you may want someone to help restrain your cat if you choose the second option).
  3. Check the instructions on the tube for dosage.
  4. Gently pull back upper and lower eyelids.
  5. Hold the tube parallel to the lower eyelid, squeeze out the ointment onto the edge of the eyelid.
  6. Massage upper and lower eyelids together to spread the medication.
  7. Release the head and let your cat blink.
 Click here to see movie


IMPORTANT: Always administer medicine to its full term for it to be effective. When administering medication stay calm - your pet can sense if you are nervous making it more difficult to apply the treatment. Always praise and reward your pet with a treat.


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